Exercise 33: Because / Because of
2. because of
5. because of
7. because of
9. because of
10. because of
Exercise 34: So/ Such
likewise similarly correspondingly by the same token in the same way
- Men must wear a jacket and a tie; similarly, women must wear a skirt or a dress, not trousers.
- She was late and I similarly was delayed.
- You can't teach navigation in the middle of a storm. Likewise, you can't build a system of values in the current educational climate.
a. Direct Opposition
§ Ali worked hard. On the other hand/In contrast/ However, Okan hardly did any work at all.
§ Metin is lazy. However, his brother is quite diligent (=hard working).
§ George is an optimist. In contrast/However/, Bill is a pessimist.
§ Extroverts love crowds. In contrast, introverts prefer solitude.
§ Six is more than five; conversely, five is less than six.
b. Denial of Expectation (Unexpected result)
§ She studied diligently for several months. Nevertheless/However/Yet/Nonetheless, she failed.
§ George is very handsome. Yet, he is not popular with girls.
§ My uncle is 70 years old now. Nonetheless, he maintains his interest in legal matters.
§ It's raining. Even so, we must go out.
§ He passed his exams. Therefore/Thus/Hence/Accordingly/Consequently, he had some good news to tell his parents.
§ Professor Brown is an outstanding scientist. Hence, he is highly respected.
§ He has been studying hard for a long time. Thus, he has made considerable progress.
§ He lacks self-confidence. As a consequence, he is unlikely to be successful.
§ The demand has increased sharply. Accordingly, the prices are higher now.§ Aykut plays football. Moreover/ Besides/ Also, he runs a restaurant.
§ Necla writes short stories, in addition, she writes articles for a newspaper.
§ To prepare his homework, Jack went through various history books. Furthermore, he took notes from several encyclopedias.
§ During her spare time, Ayla practices the piano; in addition, she plays the violin.
§ I prefer to buy fruits and vegetables in the open market because they are quite cheap there. Besides, they are much fresher than fruits and vegetables sold at the greengrocers'.
§ Living in a big city offers good job opportunities. Also, it provides good educational opportunities.